ADSactly Society: Behind the Migration
Migration in Venezuela in recent years has grown impressively. This is mainly due to the difficult economic, political and social situation in the country. For many, one option is to seek quality of life in other countries, leaving behind their lives, dreams, friends and families. This sad reality today is affecting many Venezuelans.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM), in conjunction with the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNHCR), reported that by 2019 it is estimated that the migration of Venezuelans fleeing the crisis in their country will increase by 55%.
According to these figures, it is known that a large number of Venezuelans who have emigrated from the country have settled in different nations in Latin America and the Caribbean. These statistics show an important crisis in the oil nation. Uncertain living conditions are warned for those who decide to emigrate, doing it in many occasions in an improvised way, without a life plan that allows them to adapt quickly to the country in which they wish to settle.
The consequences of this situation never experienced before in the history of Venezuela, has generated infinite consequences such as the defragmentation of families and couples, with the suffering, uncertainty and stress they imply: In the new place, it faces the change of culture and status, among others. What is known as "migratory mourning" is manifested, not only for those who leave, but also for those who stay and feel the absence of their loved ones.
Particularly, I consider it worrying how this situation has generated the disintegration of many families. As a school teacher in Venezuela, I have experienced very closely the mourning of the children "left behind", who express, on various occasions, rebellion, anger and sadness until they reach depression, for having been left in the care of their grandparents or a relative, or even in the care of a neighbor. Feeling abandoned by their parents, generates in them stress and various emotions such as mood swings, isolation, low academic performance, even disobedience to their temporary custodians, situations they do not know how to control, and even less if you do not have professional support.
This circumstance worsens every day and becomes a serious problem. There is a worrying increase in the statistics of children living on the streets, exposed to any kind of abuse, who are not adequately supervised.
This scenario is known as "The children left behind", which the United Nations (UN) uses to refer to children who are at risk of not being included or protected by the society in which they live, a consequence that can bring emigration.
Another aspect that is considered alarming is that much of the population that migrates to other countries in search of new opportunities is the country's young majority, human talent, productive and intellectual. Young people between the ages of 18 and 35 see it as their only option to leave the country to implement their personal projects.
The sociologist Nelson Freites, UCLA researcher, says: "Four or five years ago began the migration of young people looking for a better future, but it has intensified. First the young professionals started to leave, now young people are leaving without a university degree because they do not see a change in the country
Faced with this, a new problem can be glimpsed: Venezuela is running out of human and intellectual capital, a situation that can strongly affect the nation, since it is known that youth is the productive population that is fundamental for the country to move forward.
If this situation increases and people continue to leave the country, unfortunately the repercussions will be very negative and will affect the development of the country during the next few years, since the majority of Venezuelans who emigrate do not plan to return.