Two anti-Japanese generals emerged from the world's long-lived township with its beautiful mountains! 137
Qiu Fengjia and Xie Jinyuan, two names that seem to have become unfamiliar, two homes that seem to be unrelated, but in fact they have a lot in common, Qiu Fengjia and Xie Jinyuan are both from Jiaoling County, Meizhou, Guangdong, and both were anti-Japanese generals.
The name Qiu Fengjia is unfamiliar to most people, but it is probably better known in Taiwan, where there is also a more famous Fengjia University. After the defeat, he left Taiwan and returned to Jiaoling, where he was involved in the planning of the Huanggang Uprising in Chaozhou and other revolutionary activities. He died in 1912 at the age of 48 in his ancestral home village of Tan Ding, Jiaoling.
This small village, surrounded by mountains, was the ancestral home of the anti-Japanese warrior Qiu Fengjia, who was not born here but chose to end his life in his hometown.
The name of this village is 'Temding', a truly extraordinary name, and it is now also known as Wenjia Village, located in Wenfu Township, Jiaoling County.
At the entrance of the village are statues of two old men, both very calm, Qiu Fengjia and Xia Tongkotewall, the first Chinese scholar to study abroad.
Taro is piled up at the entrance of the village, which seems to be a taro-producing village.
The women are cleaning and packing the taro for shipment, it seems to be the right time of year for taro harvest.
The former residence of Qiu Fengjia is a typical two-room Hakka house, built-in 1896 when Qiu Fengjia returned from Taiwan to his hometown, with a backdrop of mountains and water, in line with the traditional Chinese concept of feng shui.
"Let steel flowers bloom all over Jiaoling, make iron water run throughout the county", quite a slogan with the imprint of the great steel-making era, a slogan that is not really seen.
"Hoes as gun barrels, iron bricks as cannonballs, determination to get production going", also a slogan from those days of frenzied leaps forward, now on the walls of Qiu Fengjia's former residence.
Born in Taiwan and successful at the age of 26, Qiu Fengjia returned to his hometown in 1895 after organising the failed anti-Japanese resistance and settled here, building this walled house in 1896.
After returning to the mainland, Qiu Fengjia still held many official positions and became a member of the Senate after the founding of the Republic of China. His former residence is called Peiyuan Hall, and the three characters "Peiyuan Hall" were written by the famous scholar Wen Zhonghe in the late Qing Dynasty.
A large plaque reading "Jinshi" hangs at the door. Qiu Fengjia was a successful candidate in 1887 and was awarded the title of Master of the Ministry of Works in 1889, which should have been a bright career, but in the stormy late Qing Dynasty, Qiu Fengjia eventually took a different path.
One of Qiu Fengjia's famous poems, 'Spring Sorrow', reads: 'Spring sorrow is hard to dispel, forcing me to look at the mountains. Four million people are weeping together. Last year, Taiwan was cut off today".
Qiu Fengjia was very close to Xia Tongkewall, who was the first prize winner in 1899 and can be seen in his inscriptions referring to himself as his younger brother.
The former residence of Qiu Fengjia is a typical Meizhou Weilong House, with a pond in front and a semi-circular open space at the back.
The village of Tamding is a very peaceful little village with beautiful mountains and clear water. Leaving the former residence of Qiu Fengjia, we headed to the former residence of Xie Jinyuan, 28 kilometres away.
After seeing the former residence of Qiu Fengjia, it is time to see the former residence of Xie Jinyuan, who is better known than Qiu Fengjia, for, after all, the battle at the Si hang Warehouse in Shanghai was a national concern, and there are still many schools, parks and roads in Shanghai named after him. Xie Jinyuan was born in 1905 in Jiaoling, Guangdong Province, and graduated from the fourth class of the Whampoa Military Academy. During the Battle of Songhu, he led the "800 strong men" to defend the Sihang Warehouse in Shanghai, which greatly encouraged the people's enthusiasm for the war and was awarded the highest medal of honour in the war by the National Government. "In 1941, he was assassinated by a traitor and was posthumously awarded the title of Major General by the National Government at the age of 37.
General Xie Jinyuan was posthumously promoted to Major General by the National Government at the age of 37. The "Four Elements Warehouse" and "Eight Hundred Strong Soldiers" are keywords associated with him.
The former residence of Xie Jinyuan is located in Jiankeng Village, Xinpu Town, Jiaoling County, built by his great-grandfather during the Xianfeng period of the Qing Dynasty.
In the history of the war, Xie Jinyuan was one of the most colourful men who led a battalion of the 524th Regiment to defend the Sihang Warehouse in Shanghai from 26 October to 1 November 1937, withstanding repeated Japanese attacks and covering the retreat of the 88th Division of the National Revolutionary Army and other National Revolutionary forces to the west. The battle, which took place in the heart of a major city separated from the British and American concessions by the Suzhou River, not only ignited a great deal of patriotic fervour at home but also demonstrated to the Western world the determination of the Chinese army to resist the war.
When we think of Xie Jinyuan, we naturally think of the 800 soldiers, but at that time, only one battalion was defending the Si hang Warehouse, as soldier Chen De song detailed in his article "The Lone Soldiers of Si hang who Died to Serve the Nation": "The first battalion of the regiment was used as the base, and a reinforced battalion was formed, still using the regimental number. The regiment consisted of about 410 men, a machine gun company, three infantry companies and a mortar platoon." In order to confuse the enemy, Xie Jinyuan falsely reported 800 men during the press interview, which gave rise to the later widely circulated "800 strong men" story.
The battle for the Si hang Warehouse may not have been a very important battle in the 14-year history of the war, but its influence and inspiration greatly inspired the nation and impressed the West with the Chinese soldiers, so the political impact of the battle for the Si hang Warehouse was far greater than the strategic impact.
In April 1941, Xie Jinyuan was assassinated by soldiers paid by the Japanese at the age of 37. A number of public places in Shanghai are named after him in his memory.
Even so, however, Xie Jinyuan's grave was destroyed by the Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution, and it was not until after the end of the Revolution that the government rebuilt his tomb at the Universal Cemetery.
Perhaps it was because Xie Jinyuan's home was inhabited at the time, or perhaps because the people of his hometown were protective of him, but in any case, the home is still relatively well preserved. This seemingly ordinary walled house was not easy to find in an era when five Whampoa students, Xie Jinyuan, Xie Jintong, Xie Jinrong, Xie Hanxun and Xie Hanzhong, came out of it.
Next to the former residence of Xie Jinyuan is the Xie Jinyuan Memorial Hall, a must-see when visiting the former residence.
"I will fight the Japanese to the end with a single bullet", worthy of the heroic spirit of the anti-Japanese resistance.
He was highly regarded by both the Communist Party and the Kuomintang, with Mao Zedong highly praising him as "a typical national-revolutionary of the 800 strong men" and Jiang Zhongzheng as "a man of great loyalty".
Xie Jinyuan's hometown has beautiful mountains and fertile fields, and still preserves a beautiful rural landscape.
Heroes for ages, the land of Jiaoling has seen the emergence of many diligent, hard-working and passionate Hakka sons and daughters who served their country. Qiu Fengjia and Xie Jinyuan were both outstanding representatives of their times, and the famous mathematician Qiu Chengtong and chemist Qiu Yingnan were also from Jiaoling. The county is home to the national forest park Zhenshan Park. With its beautiful mountains and long-lived elderly people, it is also one of the "World Longevity Villages" selected by the International Society for Natural Medicine and the World Longevity Villages Scientific Certification Committee.