Migraine Headache: Migraine Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Its Prevention

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Migraine Headache: Migraine Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Its Prevention

If a person is having a continuous headache then he has a painful sensation in his head which can cause a migraine. Its causes vomiting, sensitivity to light-weight, nausea, and sound. If you have a migraine then it will attack your head for hours to days and can be dangerous to your life. Let us study about Migraine causes, symptoms, treatment, and Its prevention.

There are some symptoms which be noticed before or with a headache. They can be a blind spot, tingling in one aspect of the face.

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Medications will facilitate stop some migraines and build them less painful. refer to your doctor concerning totally different sick headache treatment choices if you cannot realize relief. the correct medicines, combined with assist remedies and manner changes, may help.

Symptoms of a Migraine

There are Four stages: sura, headache, symptoms, and post-drone. A migraine begins in childhood or early adulthood. It is not important to experience all the stages in your life.

One or 2 days before a sick headache, you’ll notice delicate changes that warn of Associate in Nursing future sick headache, including:

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  1. Mood changes, from depression to elation
  2. Food cravings
  3. Neck stiffness
  4. Increased thirst and excreting
  5. Frequent yawning
  6. Aura

Aura could occur before or throughout migraines. the general public expertise migraines while not an aura.

Auras are symptoms they’re typically visual disturbances, reminiscent of flashes of sunshine or wavy, zigzag vision.

Your muscles could get weak, otherwise, you could feel like somebody is touching you.

Each of those symptoms typically begins bit by bit, builds up over many minutes and lasts for twenty to her. Samples of migraine headache aura include:
1.Visual phenomena, reminiscent of seeing varied shapes, bright spots or flashes of sunshine

  1. Vision loss
  2. Pins Associate in Nursing needles sensations in an arm or leg
  3. Weakness or symptom within the face or one aspect of the body
  4. Difficulty speaking
  5. Hearing noises or music
  6. Uncontrollable jerking or different movements

Sometimes, a migraine headache with aura is also related to limb weakness (a hemiplegic migraine).

Attack of a migraine headache typically lasts from four to seventy-two hours if untreated. A migraine causes a headache and the frequency of a headache occur from person to person. Migraines are also rare or strike many times a month. throughout a sick headache, you’ll experience:

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Pain on one aspect or either side of your head

Pain that feels throbbing or pulsing

Sensitivity to light-weight, sounds, and generally smells and bit

Nausea and innate reflex

Blurred vision

Lightheadedness, generally followed by fainting


The final section, referred to as post-drome, happens when a sick headache attack. you’ll feel drained and washed out, whereas some folks feel elated. For concerning twenty-four hours, you’ll conjointly experience:





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If someone has a migraine is usually untreated and unknown. If you have a migraine then you have to keep a record and have to take proper precaution to treat a migraine. Then build a rendezvous along with your doctor to debate your headaches.

If you have a record of your headache, concern to your doctor if there is a change in the pattern of a headache you will feel different.

See your doctor in real time or visit the hospital room if you’ve got any of the subsequent signs and symptoms, which can indicate an additional serious medical problem:

1.An abrupt, severe headache sort of a thunderclap

  1. A headache with fever, stiff neck, state of mind, seizures, diplopia, weakness, symptom or bother speaking
  2. A headache when a head injury, particularly if a headache gets worse
  3. A chronic headache that’s worse when coughing, exertion, straining or a fast movement
  4. New headache pain if you are older than 50
  5. Request a rendezvous at mayonnaise Clinic

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Migraine Causes

Though sick headache causes are not understood, biological science and environmental factors seem to play a job. There are various migraine causes which leads to a serious headache.

A migraine is caused by a certain change in the neural structure. these changes occur due to interactions with the cranial nerve. after some time it becomes a serious pathway.

Imbalance in the brain chemicals like 5-hydroxytryptamine. 5-hydroxytryptamine helps regulate the pain in the system. Researchers are studying the role of 5-hydroxytryptamine in the system.

Whenever you have headache Serotonin levels drops quickly. Due to the drop in serotonin level your cranial nerve unharness substances such as neuropeptides. Neuropeptides travel in your brain’s outer covering (meninges), which plays a main role in transmitting the pain from neurotransmitters, together with thyrocalcitonin gene-related amide (CGRP).

Reasons behind a migraine:

A few reasons that could trigger migraines, including:

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with a history of migraines usually report headaches in real time before or throughout their periods, once they have a serious visit steroid hormone.

Others have Associate in Nursing accumulated tendency to develop migraines throughout gestation or change of life.

Hormonal medications, reminiscent of oral contraceptives and internal secretion replacement medical care, conjointly could worsen migraines. After taking medicines ladies think that their migraine occurs less frequently.

Food products:
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Intake of aged cheese, food that contains salt in high quality and processed foods can cause migraines. Skipping meals or abstinence can also trigger attacks.

Food additives:
The sweetener sweetening and also the preservative MSG (MSG), found in several foods, could trigger migraines.

Intake of Alcohol, particularly wine, and beverage that contain caffeine in very high amount could trigger migraines.

Stress at work or at home could be one of the main cause of migraines.

Sensory stimuli:
Brights lights and exposure to direct sunlight for long durations can be a reason behind migraines. Loud sound can be another reason behind that.

Strong and sturdy smells:
Strong and long-lasting fragrances such as paint dilute, smoke etc will hit a migraine in you.

Sleeping habits:
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One of the reasons behind a migraine is skipping sleep, change in sleeping pattern.

Physical factors:
intense exercise, together with sexual intercourse, could provoke migraines.
Changes in the atmosphere:
amendment of whether or atmospheric pressure will prompt a sick headache.
Medications. Oral contraceptives and vasodilators, reminiscent of vasodilative, will worsen migraines.

Risk factors

Several factors cause you to additional liable to having migraines, including:

Family history. If you’ve got a loved one with migraines, then you’ve got a decent likelihood of developing them too.
Age. Migraines will begin at any age, although the primary usually happens throughout adolescence. Migraines tend to peak throughout your 30s, and bit by bit recede severe and fewer frequent within the following decades.
Sex. girls are thrice additional possible to possess migraines. Headaches tend to have an effect on boys over women throughout childhood, however by the time of time of life and on the far side, additional women are affected.
Hormonal changes.

They may conjointly amendment throughout gestation or change of life. Migraines typically improve when a change of life.

Some girls report that sick headache attacks begin throughout gestation, or their attacks worsen. For many, the attacks improved or did not occur throughout later stages within the gestation. Migraines usually come throughout the postnatal amount.


Sometimes your efforts to manage your migraine headache pain cause issues, such as following:

Abdominal issues. bound pain relievers referred to as anti-inflammatory medicine (NSAIDs), reminiscent of Motrin (Advil, Motrin IB, others), could cause abdominal pain, bleeding, ulcers and different complications, particularly if taken in massive doses or for a protracted amount of your time.

Medication-overuse headaches:
Medication-overuse headaches occur once medications stop relieving pain and start to cause headaches. You then use additional pain medication, that continues the cycle.

Serotonin syndrome:
The 5-hydroxytryptamine syndrome may be a rare, probably severe condition that happens once your body has an excessive amount off of the system chemical referred to as 5-hydroxytryptamine.

Triptans embrace medications reminiscent of sumatriptan (Imitrex) or zolmitriptan (Zomig). Some common SSRIs embrace selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor (Zoloft), SSRI (Sarafem, Prozac) and paroxetine (Paxil).

Also, some folks expertise complications from migraines such as:

Chronic sick headache:
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If you see you are having a headache and it goes on and on for 15 days, you probably suffering from a chronic migraine headache.

Status migrainous:
People with this complication have severe sick headache attacks that last for extended than 3 days.

Persistent aura while not pathology. Typically Associate in Nursing aura goes away when the sick headache attack, however generally aura lasts for over one week later. A persistent aura could have similar symptoms to trauma within the brain (stroke), however, while no signs of trauma within the brain, tissue injury or different issues. migraine causes

Migrainous pathology:
Aura symptoms that last longer than one hour will signal a loss of blood provide to a vicinity of the brain (stroke), and may be evaluated. Doctors will conduct neuroimaging tests to spot trauma within the brain.


Until recently, consultants counseled avoiding common sick headache triggers. Some triggers cannot be avoided, and dodging isn’t effective. however, a number of these manner changes and cope ways could assist you to scale back the quantity and severity of your migraines:

Transcutaneous cavity nerve stimulation (t-SNS). This device (Cefaly), like a headscarf with connected electrodes, was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration as a preventive medical care for migraines. In the analysis, people who used the device intimate with fewer migraines.

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