Aristotle, Who is Aristotle And What is His Work? Second Part!
What is next in the life of Aristotle? Just read here!
Among the writing are short informative lectures on logic, called
Organon, because "they provide the means by which positive knowledge
is to be attained". His writings on natural science include Physics,
which gives a huge amount of information on astronomy, meteorology,
plants, and animals. His writings on nature, scope and properties
of being, which Aristotle called First Philosophy it was " Prote Philosophia"
were given the little Metaphysics in the first published version of his
works around 60 BC because in that edition they followed Physics.
His belief of the "Prime Mover" or first cause, was pure intellect, perfect
in unity, immutable, and, as he said, "the thought of thought" is given
in the Metaphysics. Other famous works include his Rhetoric,
his Poetics we only have incomplete pieces off, and his Politics.
Because of the influence of his father's medical profession,
Aristotle's philosophy was mainly stressed on biology, the opposite of
Plato's emphasis on mathematics. Aristotle regarded the world as
"made up of individuals occurring in fixed natural kinds. He said,
" each individual has its built-in specific pattern of development and
grows toward proper self-realization as a specimen of its type. Growth,
purpose and direction are thus built into nature." Although science
studies many things, according to Aristotle, "these things find their
existence in particular individuals. Science and philosophy must,
therefore, balance, not simply choose between, the claims of empiricism
observation and sense experience and formalism.
One of the most famous of Aristotle's contributions was a new
notion of causality. "Each thing or event," he thought, has more
than one 'reason' that helps to explain what, why, and where it is.
" Earlier Greek thinkers thought that only one sort of cause can explain
itself: Aristotle said four. The word Aristotle uses, action, "a responsible,
explanatory factor" is not the same as the word cause now.