Country Music : The Voice Of Poverty, Orphans, Lovers And Workers

Country music is also called Western style, which has flourished in rural South and West America since the early 20th century. The term country music was adopted by the recording industry in 1949 instead of the derogatory label Hillbilly. in this review, I will discuss the history of country music and its prominent artists.

What is the origin and root of American country music?

The country style is rooted in ballads, folk songs, and popular songs by English, Scottish, and Irish immigrants from Appalachian and other parts of South America. In the early 1920s, the folk music of Southern Mountain Bands first began with the recording of Fiddlin' John Carson in 1923. the impersonal narratives of the tragedies, which refer to the strict Calvinist ethics, were in stark contrast to the often ridiculed sentiments of much of the popular music of the day.

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Source : https://www.musixmatch.com/lyrics/Fiddlin-John-Carson/The-Little-Old-Log-Cabin-In-the-Lane

More important than recording was the growth of country music on the radio. small radio stations appeared in the major cities of the south and midwest in the 1920s, and many of them devoted their time to live or recorded music tailored to rural white audiences. the two regular and influential radio programs of the period were:

"National Barn Dance" from Chicago, which began in 1924.

"The Grand Ole Opry" of Nashville, which began in 1925.

The immediate popularity of these programs led to more recordings and the appearance of musicians on the radio and recording studios.

Among them were the Carter and Jimmy Rogers families, whose performances greatly influenced later musicians. these were early recordings of country dance compositions and songs, using a variety of instruments, including the violin and guitar, as the main instruments of more than one rhythmic guitar or banjo base. other occasional instruments included the Appalachian dulcimer, harmonica, and mandolin. the songs were performed either in unison or in very close harmony.

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Source : https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052748703899704576205003814861580

With the migration of many rural southern whites to industrial cities during the Great recession and World War II, country music moved to new areas and was exposed to new influences such as blues and gospel music.

The nostalgic fanaticism of country music, with its poems about poverty, orphans, homeless lovers, and workers away from home, was particularly appealing during the time of mass displacement.

During the 1930s, a number of "Singing Cowboy" stars, of whom Atri's gene was best known, adopted country music and adapted it into adapted, adventurous "Western" music.

The second, more intimate type of country came into being in the 1930s in the Texas-Oklahoma area, where rural white music was exposed to the music of black orchestra musicians.

In response, Western oscillation style evolved into the hands of Bob Wills and others, and became a feature of reinforced steel guitars and strong dance rhythms.

A more important one was honky-tonk, a country music style that emerged in the 1940s with figures such as Ernest Tobb and Hank Williams. the combination of violin and guitar and its bitter poems about the rural whites living in this big city were widely accepted by other musicians in the country.

During the same period, a concerted effort was made to reclaim some of the roots of country music. Mandolin, Bill Monroe, and Tarway, the Blue Grass Boys, abandoned new rhythms and instruments. Her lady composer, Earl Scruggs developed a brilliant three-finger style that puts the instrument in a superior position. their music, with its driving, synchronous rhythms and instrumental purity, took the name "bluegrass" from Monroe.

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Source : https://www.bluegrasshall.org/inductees/bill-monroe/

The era of double the popularity of country style after World War II

With the impact of commercialization, the popularity of country music became much more pronounced in all parts of the United States after World War II. In 1942, "Roy Acuff" one of the most important country singers, organized the first country music publishing house in Nashville. The mutual fame of Hank Williams in the late 1940s led to the establishment of Nashville as the center of country music, with large recording studios and the Grand Ole Opry as its main venue.

In the '50s and' 60s, country style became a huge business with prominent performers such as Tex Ritter, Johnny Cash, Tammy Wynette, Buck Owens, Merle Haggard, Patsy Cline, Loretta Lynn and Charley Pride. Popular singers often recorded songs in the Nashville style, while many country music recorders used lush lawns to perform.

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Source : https://www.wmky.org/post/hank-williams-1940s

The 1970s saw the rise of "illegal" music by Willie Nelson and Waylon Jennings, prominent Nashville immigrants. The gap between country and mainstream pop music continued to widen in that decade and into the following, as electric guitars replaced traditional instruments and country music became accepted by national urban audiences.

Country survived the late 20th century with performances by a variety of musicians such as Dolly Parton, Randy Travis, Garth Brooks, Reba McEntire, Emilio Harris and Lyle Lovett, and its popularity continued into the 21st century.

Despite embracing other popular genres, country music has retained an unquestionable character as one of the few Native American genres of music.

Thank's for watching and reading my review.

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