Geographical history and Culture of My Cantaura Anzoategui State in Venezuela
Hello friends of steemit, today I come to talk a little about Cantaura, the town where I was born and currently live in Venezuela.
Cantaura is a Venezuelan parish, capital of the Pedro María Freites municipality, in the Anzoategui state. It sits between the Cordillera de la Costa and connects with the Mesa de Guanipa.
Cantaura was founded on August 20, 1740, formalized by Fray Fernando, and its original name was Chamariapa.
The decision to found the town fell to indigenous people from the town of San Joaquín de Parire, who chose a plateau surrounded by three rivers, Aragua, Chiguacara and the Guairo.
It is located on the mondoaga table, surrounded by other tables and flat altitudes, among others; guanipa table to the south, ocopy table to the north and plains located equidistant.
The territorial demarcation of the Freites municipality today begins on March 13, 1846, date in the San Tomé parish, altering the limits of the Pao, Soledad and San Mateo cantons.
The autonomous process was finalized on February 18, 1851, date on which the national legislative power moved the head of the San Mateo canton to the parish of Chamariapa and was definitively finalized on May 8, 1855, when the congress issued a varying decree the name of the canton of chamariapa by Freites and the chamariapa by Cantaura, which is the current name of the capital of the Freites municipality of the Anzoátegui state.
Currently the Freites municipality is made up of the Cantaura, Santa Rosa, Úrica and Libertador parishes.
The Freites municipality has the city of Cantaura as its capital and is made up of 4 parishes: Cantaura, Santa Rosa, Úrica and Libertador.
It is the largest municipality in the Anzoátegui state, since its territorial extension is 7153 km2 which means 16.51% of the entire state, its geographical location is exceptional, since it is an area equidistant between the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Orinoco River to the south, and intermediate point between Monagas state to the east and Guárico state to the west.
Humanly and geographically, the Freites municipality is a region where heterogeneity is its essential characteristic, since in it we find mountains to the north, bordering the Sucre state influenced by the coastal mountain range and the turimiquire; peneplain to the northeast; plain and tables in the center and south.
Like other areas of the Anzoátegui state, in the Freites municipality the fundamental cultural manifestations are influenced by the Sucre and Nueva Esparta states, especially through entertainment. What is authentically Anzoatiguense is expressed in the indigenous culture, the maremare and the akatoompo are characteristic expressions in the guanipa table.
It is a festive dance and represents the sociability of the indigenous in its greatest dimension and significance.
This dance consists of the dancers forming two rows that in their constant movement emulate the movement of a snake that advances, retreats, wiggles and threatens, coils and uncoils, forming registers of appreciable and artistically special beauty.
It is a ritual festival that is celebrated on November 2 of each year and is held in memory of the deceased of the Kariña families. There is a belief that those who are absent return and join the festival and meet with family and friends as well as visitors from indigenous communities, who join the ritual. Drinks, song, dance and revelry. The collective emulates or stages outstanding aspects of the absent's personality, gestures, anecdotes, experiences, mischief, etc.
Cantaura's Christian ministry revolves around the Virgin of Candelaria and San Francisco de Asís. Historically, 3 priests stand out: Fray Fernando Jiménez, the founder who exercised his priestly service until 1742; Fray Nicolás de Odena, (1842-1894) spiritual guide of the generations and Rafael Granato, (1900-1935).
The Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria church is the historical seat of the venerated image, there is in the city of Cantaura, the recreational religious complex El Paseo de la Virgen, where the modern and functional sports center and brand new indoor gym are also concentrated.
The Christian is conjugated with other cults, as occurs throughout Venezuela, but in the case of Cantaura it reaches other dimensions, for example the indigenous communities of the Guanipa table, the cosmogony and the ancestral telluric, find reference in myths and legends, intimately associated with Cerro Negro, Kariña ancestral religious sanctuary.
TRADITIONS AND ANECDOTES
In this aspect they do not differ in essentials from what happens in other geographical latitudes. Venezuelan culture is extensive and the representation of values is similar to all regions of the country, since the communication vehicle is the same. The differences are nuanced in the local specificities such as: the silbón, the llorona, the appeared, the sayona, etc.