#piratesunday: The 1988 Australia $10 First Fleet Bicentenary Commemorative
”Black birds tend to like Shiny Things.” ~ The Bloody Raven
May I present a very lovely silver coin I’ve just added to my Silver fleet of ships, a coin I think @dfinney should be very familiar with this epic seaworthy piece.
The Industrial Revolution was an economic boon that kept England the most productive countries in Europe as machines now efficiently produced the goods that fueled the English economy. Left In the wake of this developmental leap was the social aftermath, many English citizenry became unemployed and destitute, a wave of crimes perpetuated by the desperate just to survive.
There was also a general reform of the Penal system as judges began to defer the death penalty in favor of prison time for what were deemed to be petty crimes without diluting the object of deterrence. The courts system became overwhelmed. The prison system overcrowded resorting to improvised housing conditions that were quite unsuitable to humans let alone convicts.
At the same time there was a concern over control of the newly discovered lands claimed by the English crown and an urgency to have a presence to defend against the treat of foreign encroachment of these far off lands.
In August of 1786 the government decided take the advice from the Naturalist Sir Joseph Banks of Captain James Cook’s 1770 expedition to resolve these issues by Transporting out a large excess of the convict population to establish a colony(s) abroad at Botany Bay of New South Wales (Australia).
The job of commanding this fleet fell upon a retired naval officer by the name of Captain Arthur Phillip and the ‘to be appointed’ Governor of Australia. Not an outstanding naval officer but Phillips was quite reliable, obedient and somewhat altruistic an officer with experience in transporting prisoners in the Portuguese navy with familiarity of farming and agriculture he may have just the right qualifications.
Under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip, Eleven ships departed Portsmouth England in May of 1787. Phillip was granted authority to establish a penal colony on the lands of New South Wales discovered and claimed by Captain Cook in 1770.
- HMS Sirius
- HMS Supply
- Golden Grove
- Lady Penrhyn
- Prince of Wales
Conditions were harsh on the eight month journey in cramp conditions with only exercise time on the top decks weather permitting. On June 3rd, the fleet replenished supplies at Tenerife at Santa Cruz, in August the fleet arrived at Rio de Janeiro for a month for repairs, cleanup, and resupply, then proceeded to Cape Town in October to stock up in livestock before proceeding to their destination.
Enduring the hot tropical weather, stormy seas, pest infestations, and at times water rationing, disease, cramp and unsanitary conditions even the stench was substantiated by various personal accounts of officers, crew and convicts, it was somewhat a miracle than deaths were not as in greater numbers than they were.
There was even an account of an attempted mutiny on one of the ships but that was stopped before it got underway.
Bonus Silver Coin
The HMS Supply with Captain Phillip sailed first into Botany Bay on January 18th 1788. But after a few days determined that the location was just not suitable for the colony and was not as described in glowing terms provided by Captain Cook. Captain Philip sailed into a place named Port Jackson located further North and found it much more suitable a location with fertile soil, fresh water and a deeper sheltered anchorage to which Philip named Sydney Cove.
On January 26th of 1788 Phillip returned with the fleet and raised the British flag on the location known now as the City of Sidney, a date that is celebrated today as Australia Day.
And the following day, January 27th the 1,420 people that started the 24,000 km journey from Portsmouth England, 1,373 finally landed on the shore of Sidney Cove and things haven’t been any easier as the settlers struggle with new hardships to become a self-sustaining colony.
Well my take away from this that these Australians are a tough and resourceful lot so I may include a few in the crew in the Chronicles of the Bloody Raven.
I hope you enjoyed this coin feature, thank you for stopping by my Blog.
The #piratesunday tag is the scurvy scheme of Captain @stokjockey for #steemsilvergold and #ssg-community pirates to proudly showcase their shiny booty and plunder for all to see. Landlubbers arrrh…welcomed to participate and be a Pirate at heart so open yer treasure chests an’ show us what booty yea got!
“Et lux in tenebris to serve laboro, sum sicarius” “I work in the shadows to serve the Light, I am an Assassin”