Como estampar camisetas con serigrafía artesanal / How to stamp T-shirts with hand-made screen printing
Silkscreen printing is the stamping technique that consists of printing an image from a matrix, the technique is based on positive or negative images, that is, leaving hollow spaces where you want to paint and cover those that do not, on a surface that allows the passage of paint, in this case the fabric.
The most professional way to do this is through special screen printing emulsions, these emulsions are based on a photosensitive substance, with them a light box or, failing that, the sun, is used to dry the active component in them and that the Parts of the image remain unsealed on the fabric of the frame, however, this time I share the step by step to stamp a shirt with the same technique but without using emulsions, without using chemicals or complicated materials.
Materiales / Materials
- Un bastidor de madera
- Chinches para oficina (alfileres)
- Tela dopiovelo (cualquier tela bastante translucida que se usa para mosquiteros y cortinas)
- Una lamina de acetato: recomiendo reciclar una radiografía impresa.
- Cinta adhesiva
- Una espátula o pedazo de goma espuma
- Papel bond: puede ser de reciclaje
- Pintura para serigrafía a base de agua (si usan pinturas plásticas deben tener un secador eléctrico para secarla)
- Camiseta de algodón
- A wooden frame
- Office pins
- Dopiovelo fabric (any fairly translucent fabric used for mosquito nets and curtains)
- An acetate sheet: I recommend recycling a printed radiograph.
- Scotch tape
- A spatula or piece of foam rubber
- Bond paper: can be recycled
- Water-based screen printing paint (if you use plastic paints you must have an electric dryer to dry it)
- Cotton shirt
Proceso / Process
Prepare the frame: The first thing to do is take our frame and place the dopiovelo fabric quite taut with the help of the office pins, taking care that there are no ripples.
Prepare the acetate: If using an acetate recycled from an x-ray, I suggest washing and brushing it hard so that the black ink fades as much as possible, since the ideal is for the acetate to serve to trace the image later.
Measure the acetate with the frame and cut it to the same size.
Make the design: Cut the bond paper the same size as the acetate. Draw a border line on the paper corresponding to the width of the wood of the frame, to delimit the drawing area. Draw the design we want, taking into account the areas that will be covered.
Trace the drawing on the acetate: placing the paper underneath it, fixing it with adhesive tape and tracing the lines with a marker.
Create the matrix: with the help of a cutter, cut the acetate following the traced design, the ideal is to start with the smallest and simplest areas, until completing the design.
Place the acetate on the frame on the side of the fabric, that is, opposite the wooden slats of the frame, taking into account the direction of the design, since if it is placed upside down, the letters or drawing is inverted. Fix the acetate with adhesive tape.
Stamping: Place the shirt on a sheet of wood or cardboard that allows it to be kept extended and that when painting the paint does not cross the other side.
Place the matrix in the place we want to stamp, with the acetate side resting on the shirt. With the help of a plastic spoon, place a generous amount of paint on the spatula, spread the paint vertically from top to bottom with the spatula, the spatula should have a slight inclination, I recommend passing three times to ensure that the paint covers all the pores of the fabric, do it quickly because the paint dries very quickly. When removing the frame you should carefully do the bottom up. The design must be perfectly printed on the shirt, if there are flaws it is because the paint did not spread well as in my case I have already used the same dopiovelo many times.
Resultado / Result
Once the shirt is printed, the following should be stamped if it were the case immediately, if you see that the paint has dried and clogged the pores, the frame should be washed before making a new impression. This is an inexpensive way to make simple and performance prints, as the design and the frame can be reused many times.
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Si te gusta mi contenido y quieres apoyarme a seguir dibujando, pintando, escribiendo y tejiendo puedes invitarme un Ko-fi en el enlace que les dejo aquí abajo, les recuerdo que es fácil, se usa Paypal y Tarjeta. ¡Muchas gracias a todos!
If you want to support my art you can also make donations for the value of a coffee (Ko-Fi) this uses Paypal, it is simple and with it I will be able to continue knitting and buying materials to create and share my publications
Espero les haya gustado. Les invito a leer mis próximas publicaciones y siempre estaré dispuesta a responder sus preguntas y comentarios, también pueden seguirme y contactarme en cualquiera de mis redes sociales. ¡Muchas gracias!
I hope you liked it. I invite you to read my next publications and I will always be willing to answer your questions and comments, you can also follow me and contact me on any of my social networks. Thank you!