Cellulitis

in #life4 years ago

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Cellulitis is an inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue resulting from a common infection, usually with Staphylococcus or Streptococcus bacteria. This can occur as a result of skin trauma or secondary bacterial infection from open sores, such as pressure sores, or may be related to skin trauma. This is most common in the extremities, especially the lower extremities.

Prevention

Good hygiene and prevention of cross-contamination are important. If there are open sores, preventing infection and promoting healing is essential.

Signs and symptoms

Early signs of cellulitis are localized areas of inflammation that may become more common if left untreated. Common clinical manifestations include warmth, redness, localized edema, pain, pain, fever, and lymphadenopathy. This can be seen in any field of open wounds, with skin trauma, and in the lower legs. Infection can worsen quickly if not treated properly.

Diagnostic Test

Test culture and sensitivity of any pustules or drainage needed to identify infectious organisms. Blood cultures may also be indicated to rule out bacteremia.

Intervention Therapy

Topical and systemic antibiotics prescribed in accordance with culture and sensitivity test results. Nonviable network debridement is required if there is an open wound. Systemic antibiotics are indicated if fever and lymphadenopathy are present. Warm, moist compresses can be ordered, although there is no evidence that this is useful in treating pain or infection.

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