RE: Why I am Optimistic About the Science of Consciousness (Contra @rachelsmantra)
I still don't think you have gotten yourself out of the difficulty though. You say that a theory of consciousness must match our intuitions about consciousness. Whose intuitions? They differ from person to person, theorist to theorist. And why trust intuitions? They might be generated by distinctive brain mechanisms that lead us astray.
I don't think intuitions about consciousness is the best place to get a science of consciousness started because intuitions vary so wildly from person to person. For some people it's intuitive that a bug is conscious. For other people it's intuitive that only humans are conscious.