The only living Founding General in Guangdong, from this fine old Hakka town!141steemCreated with Sketch.

in #tourist2 months ago

When you think of Meizhou, the "Hakka capital of the world", the first thing that comes to mind is Ye Jianying, a legendary Hakka marshal, but you may not know that there is a Founding General who was commissioned in the same year as Marshal Ye Jianying and is still alive today. There are 10 Marshals, 10 Generals, 57 Admirals, 177 Lieutenant Generals and 1,360 Major Generals in New China, and so far only 10 of them are still alive. There are very few Guangdong marshals, only 16 in total, 8 of whom are from Meizhou.
The town is only 11 kilometres east of Tai Po County and has a rich literary culture with many talents. The story of "three Hanlin in one belly" has been spread at home and abroad. The famous tourist area of Hundred Hou is located in the villages of Hounan and Houbei. In Hounan, there is the famous Tao Xingchi Education Base, the famous Tongxiu Dafu Di, and the maze of "36 lanes, all lanes are the same", such as the Baihou Ancient Lane. In Houbei, there is the Cai Xianren Ancient Canal dug in the Song Dynasty, the Yuanyang Ancestral Hall, the Masan Temple and the old Bailou Riding Street. According to statistics, there are more than 120 well-preserved ancient dwellings from the Ming and Qing dynasties in Baihou Town, which is by far the largest number of ancient dwellings of the official hall-style found in China.
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The sky was a little overcast and the rain was about to fall as we arrived at the ancient Hakka town of Humanistic Baihou, the first of the four famous Chinese historical and cultural towns in Meizhou.
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Although the competitiveness of education in the township is now lagging far behind that of the city, Baihou still has good schools and historical buildings representing past glories that can be seen everywhere.
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Baihou was actually known as Baihou in the olden days, but was later changed to Baihou, and during the Kangxi period, Yang Zhi Xu, a scholar from Baihou, took the initiative to change the name from Baihou to Baihou During the Kangxi period, Yang Zhi Xu, a scholar from Baihou, took the initiative to change "Baihou" to "Baihou", meaning "Baihou is a place under the jurisdiction of a hundred feudal lords". During the Ming and Qing dynasties, the town produced 5 Hanlin, 23 jinshi and 134 literary and military candidates, and in modern times, it has also produced many famous people.
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The first ancient building we met in the drizzle was called Zhaoqing Hall, which should have nothing to do with the city of Zhaoqing in Guangdong. It is a Chinese and Western-style building built in 1917, 102 years ago, and in October this year, Zhaoqing Hall was selected as one of the eighth batches of national key cultural heritage protection units.
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Next to the Zhaoqing Hall is the Haiyuan Building, also with a history of 100 years, built by Yang Chaonan, a villager who earned a lot of money from his business and his work as a "waterman" in Malaysia.
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The sculpture is a reflection of the time when men went across the sea to earn a living, and women were sent off in tears to work and teach their children at home.
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Haiyuan House is a typical East-meets-West work, with a European appearance and a Chinese interior.
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The columns are round and square, poured in reinforced concrete from a century ago, the main door is in the style of a European church, while the roof inherits the architectural features of Hakka dwellings.
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Behind Haiyuan Building is Qinanxuan, which has a much longer history, having been built in 1706, 310 years after the Kangxi era.
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The owner of this building was Yang Zhi Xu, the Kangxi scholar who initiated the change of the name 'Baihou' to 'Baihou'.
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You can see a plaque in front of the door, "The tenth batch of Tai Po County Cultural Relics Protection Units", the seventh batch of National Key Cultural Relics Protection Units, but the tenth batch in Tai Po County, and the plaque shows that firstly, there are many cultural relics in Tai Po County, and secondly, Tai Po County attaches great importance to cultural protection.
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You may find that the Chinese and Western styles of the Qinnanxuan are also combined, but of course, the Kangxi-period jinshi would not have been so ahead of their time. In fact, the two-storey house on the left, as well as the pond and the small bridge, were all added by Yang Zhixu's descendants.
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Walking into the small house, there is a strong European style. In modern times, Guangdong has been heavily influenced by foreign cultures, and this imported culture is deeply rooted in many historical buildings.
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The ground floor of the Penang Xuan has a Romanesque vaulted structure, which not only provides good light but is also quite beautiful.
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The first floor is smaller than the first and was once decorated with various motifs that have been blurred over the past century.
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If you climb up to the first-floor terrace, you can see clearly the archway structure on the first and first floors, as well as the pond and bridge in front of the building.
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When you reach the top of the building, you can see the whole of the Haiyuan Building in front of you.
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When you enter the village, the ancient well is deep and secluded, and its water is still clear, so it seems to be still the villagers' drinking water.
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There are many names on the walls of the ancestral hall in the village, including "grandparents' names" and "great-grandmothers' names", all of which are names given by the elders to the younger generations.
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The town has a mixture of old and new buildings, and the historical buildings are not in pieces, but they abound.
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Inside the Tongjiandi is an earthen building called Gonghelou.
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It was raining harder and harder, so we had to find a place to take shelter.
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We saw noodles drying under the eaves of a farmer's house next to the Tongjiandi, so we went to the house and asked the hostess to make some pickled noodles for lunch.
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It is the most representative snack in Meizhou. It is actually a very ordinary noodle dish, mixed with minced pork with garlic and vegetables from the hostess's own field.
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Apart from the pickled noodles, the grapefruit in Meizhou is also known far and wide. The hostess picked the grapefruit for us in the rain and kept asking us to eat it.
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Her son is studying at a university in Zhanjiang and will be graduating soon. I asked her if she had been to Zhanjiang to see her son, but she said no, as the travel expenses were quite expensive and she had to save as much as she could, as Chinese farmers are really not easy.
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When the inequality and disparity between urban and rural areas disappear, then China may really be called a big and powerful country.
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After seeing the historical buildings in Hounan, let's not forget the old Baihou street in Hounan, which is more than 1,000 metres long and was built in the 1930s as an old cavalry street. There are actually many more historical buildings in Bailhou town, but we didn't get to them all due to the inconvenience of the rain.
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Baihou Old Street is also famous for its snacks, especially pancakes.
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Baihou pancakes are made of pastry wrapped with seasoned fillings and rolled into spring rolls, so you can eat them directly.
Baihou Town is the first Chinese historical and cultural town in Meizhou City, no doubt, this was once a very cultural place, also survived a lot of historical buildings, but with the changes of the times, Baihou Town's historical buildings faded a lot, a mixture of old and new buildings, relatively well-preserved piece is Hounan Zhaoqing Hall, Haiyuan Building and enterprise South Xuan area, Baihou tour without tickets, in Zhaoqing Hall next to the visitor There is a visitor centre next to the Zhaoqing Hall, where you can get a quick and comprehensive overview of the ancient town of Baihou. There are four famous Chinese historical and cultural towns in Meizhou, namely Baihou Town, Chayang Town and Sanhe Town in Tai Po County and Songkou Town in Meixian District, which is relatively concentrated and can be visited in a day if you drive yourself.

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