Budapest - Hungary
Colonized by the Romans (hence the origin of the public baths), Budapest with a little more than 2 million inhabitants - one in five Hungarians lives in the capital, which is divided in half by the river Danube (Duna, in Hungarian), forming two areas : Buddha, on the one hand, Pest, on the other, two distinct cities that ended up unified in 1873. Buda, to the west, houses the castle, a traditional postcard, and has a more residential, historical and cultural atmosphere. Pest is the commercial center, with the hustle and bustle of urban and night life and the strong features of a westernized metropolis. In common, charming bridges, charming cafes, good patisseries, grandiose buildings and dozens of interesting places to visit.
The Budapest Parliament (in Hungarian: Országház) is the place where the Hungarian National Assembly meets, and one of the oldest legislative buildings in Europe, which is a remarkable example of Hungary's landscape is a very popular destination in Budapest. It stands on the Kossuth Lajos Square, on the Danube margin. It currently holds the title of largest building in Hungary, and the second largest parliament in Europe.
Together with the Budapest Parliament, it forms the pair of tallest buildings in Budapest (with 96 m), and in addition it is the largest church in Hungary, with capacity for 8500 people. It began to be built in 1851, concluding 54 years later, and the dome had to be demolished in 1868. It finished in 1905 and was consecrated that same year. Under the majestic building, whose main façade glimpses the Danube River, a three-tiered cement base had to be built, almost as large as the church itself.
Built in neoclassical style with Greek cross plant, 87 m long by 55 m wide. The main façade is complete with two twin towers as steeples. In its right tower is the biggest and heaviest bell (it has nine tons of weight) of Hungary. The previous one, of 8 tons, was fused during World War II.
The Széchenyi Bridge Lánchíd is a suspension bridge that crosses the river Danube between Buddha and Pest, the western and eastern sides of Budapest, capital of Hungary. It is 375 meters long. It was inaugurated on November 20, 1849.
At its tips are:
- Roosevelt Square (with the Gresham Palace and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences);
- Adam Clark Square (at Zero Kilometer Stone and at the end of the Buda Castle funicular).
At the time of its construction, it was considered as one of the wonders of the world.
Buda Castle (in Hungarian Budai Vár, in Turkish Budin Kalesi) is the historic castle of the kings of Hungary in Budapest, Hungary. In the past it was also called the Royal Palace (in Hungarian Királyi-palota) and Royal Castle (in Hungarian Királyi Vár).
Buda Castle was built on the southern slope of Castle Hill, near the old Castle District (in Hungarian Várnegyed), which is famous for its houses and public buildings, medieval, baroque and eighteenth century. The castle is connected to Adam Clark Square and the Széchenyi Lánchíd Bridge by the Castle Hill Funicular.