Shaanxi History Museum - The Pearl of the Ancient Capital, the Treasure House of China 153steemCreated with Sketch.

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For me, a visit to Xi'an without visiting the Shaanxi History Museum is really a waste of time. Xi'an is the most cultural and historical capital of China, and the Shaanxi History Museum is the pearl of the 6,000-year history of the 13 ancient capitals. Xi'an is the political, cultural and economic centre of China for more than 1,200 years, the birthplace of Chinese civilization, and the Shaanxi History Museum is the treasury of China representing the rich history of Chinese civilization.
Shaanxi History Museum in the provincial museum is definitely the status of the big brother, the museum was prepared in 1983, June 20, 1991, before the completion of the opening of the museum, its completion marked a new milestone in the development of Chinese museums, concentrated collection of precious cultural relics excavated in Shaanxi more than 370,000 pieces, from the initial stage of the ancient man used simple stone tools, down to 1840 years ago in the social life of various types of artefacts, the time span of more than a million years, national treasures on ten pieces of cultural relics.
Museum free is indeed a very good policy, appropriate control of the number of people is also reasonable, Shaanxi History Museum is open all day from Tuesday to Sunday, closed all day Monday for renovation, a limited number of free tickets issued every day for a limited time of 4,000 (limited to 2,500 before 14:00 daily, limited to 1,500 in the afternoon), issued until the end, especially in the peak season, you must go in advance to queue, otherwise it is likely that the tickets can not line up! If you are interested in history, the Shaanxi History Museum is a great place to visit. If you're interested in history, one day at the Shaanxi History Museum is definitely not enough, and if you're just taking a casual look, the permanent exhibition is enough for half a day. In addition to the permanent exhibitions, the Shaanxi History Museum also has the Tang Dynasty Mural Painting Treasures Museum, which has an admission fee of 300 yuan, and the Tang Legacy Exhibition, which has an admission fee of 20 yuan, and perhaps some temporary exhibitions. In addition to the permanent exhibition, we also visited the Tang Dynasty Treasures - Excavated Cultural Relics from the Hejiacun Cellar.
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We have seen a lot of camels in Tang Dynasty, but watermelons in Tang Dynasty are indeed relatively rare, not to mention this big watermelon from a thousand years ago, which is so well preserved.
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Shaanxi History Museum, one of the most famous museums in China, is located at 91 Xiaozhai East Road, Yanta District, Xi'an (northwest of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda), and is known as the "Pearl of the Ancient Capital and the Treasure House of China" for its rich collection of cultural relics.
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There is always a long line at the ticket office, so if you want to see the essence of ancient Chinese history, it is recommended that you come a little early to get your tickets.
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The layout of the Shaanxi Museum of History is "symmetrical in axis, orderly in main and subordinate; central hall, four corners of the sublime building", reproducing the style of the Tang Dynasty.
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The preamble hall of the museum is located at the front of the central hall, displaying a huge stone lion (a replica of the stone lion of Shunling in the Tang Dynasty) for a thousand years, set against a huge photo of the rushing Yellow River and the Loess Plateau, guiding the audience to appreciate the ancient civilization nurtured by the Loess and the Yellow River.
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The permanent exhibition focuses on the ancient civilization of Shaanxi, with Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang, the four glorious dynasties in Chinese history with Xi'an as the capital.
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You must have seen this one before, the fish and human face painted pottery basin of Hanpo in the Chinese history textbook, Shaanxi History Museum and Hanpo Site Museum have one each, but this one in the provincial museum is said to be the real one.
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The ancient working people were wise, and it was this infinite wisdom that created the glorious ancient civilization.
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A sheep-headed spoon from the late Shang Dynasty, with a sheep's head at the end of the handle, with large horns and backward curving, eyes open, and a flattened handle, with a small sheep standing in front and a small tail standing back in a frightened manner, and a tiger standing behind the sheep with its mouth open and salivating.
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The ancient people were not only concerned with practicality, but also with beauty, especially the bronzes of the former Qin Dynasty, with their strange shapes and complex ornaments, which were both practical and beautiful in one.
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The shape of this pot may seem strange to you, but the ancient astronomical texts of China have recorded the "Gourd Star" or "Heavenly Rooster Star", and the shape of this pot resembles the "Gourd Constellation", while the bird's head means "Heavenly Rooster", which shows that this is not an ordinary container, but an important ritual vessel that resembles a constellation and is related to the ritual of Heaven.
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The ancient working people were wise, but the kings were foolish and cruel because of the concentration of power, and satiation was one of the most outrageous funeral systems.
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Two huge bronze dragons entwined in the Great Qin, as atmospheric and domineering as the dynasty.
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The Terracotta Warriors and Horses, represented by Qin, look both powerful and civilized with their bow ties.
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The terracotta warriors and horses with different postures and thousands of faces and various hairstyles and costumes are simply a historical reenactment of the Qin Dynasty.
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This is the most legendary terracotta warriors and horses in the green face kneeling figurines, the entire body of the terracotta warriors are painted, especially the face painted complete, white eyes, black pupils, eyes shining, unlike other terracotta figurines light pink, light green face colour is particularly striking, this is also the only one unearthed green face terracotta, as to why is green, some speculation is "mischief", some people think this is the military "sorcerer" ...... in short, now also inconclusive.
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The terracotta warriors are of different shapes, no two are exactly the same, with various expressions, costumes and beards, which is breathtaking.
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The Terracotta Warriors are a valuable legacy for future generations. In fact, the greater contribution of the Qin Dynasty was the unification of weights and measures, and the unification of coins, making China a unified country for the first time.
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The Du Hu talisman from the Warring States period to the Qin Dynasty has a gold inscription with nine lines and forty characters: "If you use more than fifty soldiers, you must know the talisman before you dare to do it ......", which is the same object as the historical "saving Zhao by stealing the talisman" by Xinlingjun.
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A bronze wild goose from the Qin Dynasty, which is the animal that is supposed to pass on letters.
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Such a large pile of gold cakes is dazzling, 219 pieces, with a total weight of 54,116.1 grams, more than 50 kilograms of Western Han Dynasty gold cakes, what is the value of the concept, forgive me and other common people first thought of money.
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A gold monster from the Han Dynasty, unearthed in 1957 in the Xiongnu tomb in Nalingao Rabbit Village, Shenmu County, Shaanxi Province.
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Mechanical parts of the Han Dynasty and today's gears are the same, the wisdom of the ancients should not be underestimated.
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The famous sculpture of the Horse Stampede of Xiongnu, a stone group carving from the tomb of Huo Zhaosi, a Hussar general of the Han Dynasty.
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One of the national treasures of the Shaanxi History Museum, the Dokko Xin polyhedral coal essence group seal of the Western Wei Dynasty. The seal is made of coal essence (dense and hard coal) and is spherical with 8 prongs and 26 faces, including 18 square faces and 8 triangular faces. There are 14 square faces engraved with the sealed text, which has a strong interest in the Wei script, and the contents of the 14 faces are different, each with its own purpose. It is the seal of Dokgo Xin, the great secretary of the Northern Zhou Dynasty. Dokgo Xin was not only famous for his own war achievements, but also for his daughters, seven of whom were married to Emperor Ming of the Northern Zhou Dynasty; the seventh daughter was married to Yang Jian, the founding emperor of the Sui Dynasty; and the fourth daughter was married to Li Yuan, the father of the founding emperor of the Tang Dynasty. Therefore, he was the father-in-law of three consecutive dynasties and was jokingly called "the first oldest father-in-law in ancient China".
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The tomb beast of the Southern Dynasty, the shape and the sphinx has a similarity, always feel that this placed in the tomb of something very cartoon, not horrible and full of joy.
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There are five plum blossom holes at the centre of the bottom of the pot. When the pot is turned upside down, the water flows out from the mouth of the lioness to fill the pot.
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Glass and agate flags from the Sui Dynasty.
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The Tang Sancai bowl is somewhat similar to the Jun porcelain Luohan bowl I bought for dinner, so it should be more interesting to think about eating with a Tang Sancai bowl.
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In the Tang Sancai dragon head cup, the ancient people really pay more attention to the quality of life, so they are so careful to drink a glass of wine.
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The camel in Tang Sancai is one of the finest pieces in Tang Sancai. The sound of hissing seems to have penetrated a thousand years of history.
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The camel is standing on a rectangular base with a long hissing neck and a platform with a colourful blanket and eight musicians on its back. Seven of the male musicians, dressed in Chinese costumes and holding different instruments of the Hu, are sitting cross-legged facing outward and playing, while a standing woman is singing in the middle, apparently in mobile performance.
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While people sitting on the back of a high camel were a bit frightened, these seven men sat in a circle on the edge of the platform and played, each with an open attitude and full concentration, immersing themselves in the beautiful music and reaching a state of forgetfulness, as if they were performing their praise for the peaceful world.
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Another national treasure in the museum, the gold bowl with lotus petal pattern of mandarin ducks of the Tang Dynasty, was unearthed in 1970 from a cellar in Hejiacun, a southern suburb of Xi'an, Shaanxi Province.
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The Shaanxi History Museum has another museum of Tang Dynasty frescoes, with nearly 600 frescoes of about 1,000 square meters from 14 tombs, including the tombs of Li Shou, Prince Yi De, Prince Zhang Huai and Princess Yongtai, which are the largest and best-preserved in terms of quantity, grade, and status of preservation, and are unique in the country and the world.
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The Tang Sancai and the Tang Dynasty murals, despite the passage of a thousand years, are all lifelike.
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The painted twelve terracotta figurines of the Chinese zodiac, anthropomorphic and intact, are a masterpiece.
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The Hanbai jade Buddha statue from the Song Dynasty, those mottled clay is the imprint of history.
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Ming painted ceremonial warriors group, the ceremonial warriors buried with King Jane of Ming Dynasty after his death, more than 300 pieces in total, the wooden props in their hands have decayed away.
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The Shaanxi History Museum is magnificent, even with such a large Buddhist niche.
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The Museum of History of Shaanxi is a museum of Tang Dynasty fresco treasures on one side of the museum, built in cooperation with China and Italy, the "capital of heritage restoration", exhibits include 97 fresco treasures, including the tomb of Prince Zhang Huai guest ambassador map, polo map, hunting trip map, the tomb of Prince Yi De queue map, ceremonial map, the tomb of Princess Yongtai palace women map. 300 yuan admission fee is actually also to eliminate The vast majority of ordinary tourists at the door, the investment of 72 million yuan treasures museum, the more important function is the collection and custody of Tang Dynasty murals.
Shaanxi History Museum's collection is too rich, the boutique is too much, walking around is also dazzling. In fact, whether you know the history or not, the history of interest enough, Shaanxi History Museum is definitely worth a visit to the place, the collection of treasures is thousands of years of the most splendid Chinese civilization, is the most glorious dynasties of the Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang dynasties of China's profound imprint, is the history of every Chinese sons and daughter worthy of pride and pride.
527, 610, 701, 710 Road to the Cuihua Road station is to get off. The museum issues a maximum of 4,000 free tickets to the public every day. One person, one ticket, valid at the time of the day, after the expiration date, is invalid; manual interpretation of the basic display of Chinese 100 yuan, English or Japanese 150 yuan; automatic audio guide machine has five languages to choose from - Chinese, English, French, Japanese, Korean, including Chinese and Chinese student version, the fee for the audio guide machine rental The rates are 30 RMB per machine and 200 RMB deposit. Photos are allowed inside the museum, but flash is prohibited; large packages can be stored for free.

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